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Carbon Steel

Home > Scrap General > Scrap Metal Commodities Reference - C > Carbon Steel

Carbon Steel

Roughly speaking, steel is an intermediate material between cast iron and wrought iron, the latter being the purest form of iron commercially attainable.
Cast iron or pig iron contains about 3% of carbon. Wrought iron contains about .06% of carbon. "Carbon steel," therefore, is nothing of more or less than "ordinary" steel, the word "carbon" being employed to distinguish the metal from the numerous "alloy" or "special" steels which contain other alloying metals in addition to carbon. "Carbon" steels, therefor, is the "old fashioned" type of steel.
A "hard" carbon steel contains about 1% of carbon whilst a "soft" steel of this type has a carbon content of about .1%.

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