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Home > Scrap General > Scrap Metal Commodities Reference - I > Iron


Pure iron is a white, lustrous metal, which is capable of taking a high polish. In damp air it soon rusts. It is more difficulty fusible than wrought iron (the purest commercial form of iron), but at red heat it softens and can be readily welded. Perfectly pure iron is useless for industrial purposes and the physical properties usually associated with iron are, in reality, those of iron admixed with some definite type of impurity, such as carbon. These various types of iron: Pig Iron, Cast Iron, etc. - should be referred to under their separate headings. Iron is the most magnetic of metals. The metal is acted upon by most acids, but nitric acid assumes an inert or "passive" condition.

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